The need to reduce and eliminate homelessness in Tasmania has never been more urgent: Homelessness Week 2020: The Facts.
Who Can Become Homeless?
Homelessness can affect any member of the Tasmanian community, including the very young or elderly, families and single people, Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people, people with a disability and people from culturally diverse backgrounds.
What is Homelessness?
Shelter Tas has prepared a fact sheet to reflect the latest Census 2016 data: Fact Sheet – Homelessness in Tasmania.
The most commonly accepted definition of homelessness comprises of three categories.
Primary homelessness is experienced by people without conventional accommodation (e.g. sleeping rough or in improvised dwellings, including tents).
Secondary homelessness is experienced by people who frequently move from one temporary shelter to another (e.g. emergency accommodation, youth refuge/shelter, “couch-surfing”).
Tertiary homelessness is experienced by people staying in accommodation that falls below minimum community standards (e.g. boarding houses and caravan parks).
The Effects of Homelessness
Homelessness can result in great social and economic cost to the individual and to the community. It creates great instability, leaves people vulnerable to chronic unemployment, ill health and limits their capacity to participate in the social and economic life of the community. People experiencing homelessness are often living without basic human rights being met.
Homelessness in Tasmania
The following information is derived from the ABS 2016 Census data, AIHW Specialist Homelessness Services reports (National and Tasmanian) for 2017-18, and the Report on Government Services 2019.
Demographics in Tasmania
The data from the 2016 census shows that the total number of people experiencing homelessness was 1,622 (an increase from 1,145 in 2006 and 1,537 in 2011). The regional breakdown shows greater Hobart and the South East had the highest proportion, 57%; Launceston and the North East had 23% and the West and North West coast areas a very similar 20%.
On census night in 2016, the majority of people experiencing homelessness in Tasmania were aged under 44 years old. Young people aged 12 to 24 comprised one quarter of all Tasmanian people experiencing homelessness (25%). The next highest age group were those aged between 25-34 years (17%) and 35-44 (13%).
The majority of Tasmania’s 1,622 people experiencing homelessness were living in supported accommodation (35%) or staying temporarily with other households (30%) on census night in 2016. The remainder were in severely overcrowded dwellings (17%), staying in boarding houses (8%) or rough sleeping; that is, in improvised dwellings, tents or sleeping out (8%).
Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people
Preliminary data from the 2016 Census showed there were 23,572 people who identified as an Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander in Tasmania. This represented 4.6% of Tasmania’s population of 509,965. In 2016, 8% (130) of all people experiencing homelessness identified as Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander. ASTI Tasmanians were overrepresented in all sections of the population of people experiencing homelessness in Tasmania.
Specialist Homelessness Services
Specialist Homelessness Services (SHS) in Tasmania provide housing and accommodation. This includes immediate emergency accommodation (including shelters), supervised accommodation and placement support services for young people and transitional support services for people experiencing homelessness to (re)establish themselves in independent living. These services also provide information and advice, advocacy and financial supports.
In 2017-18, an estimated 6,508 Tasmanians received support from an SHS (down from 7,789 in the previous year). Of these, 41% were alone, while 37% were parent(s) with children. 15% of clients identified as Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander.
In 2017-18 the rate of unmet need (when a person at risk of or experiencing homelessness asks for assistance and it cannot be provided) for short-term or emergency accommodation was 28 per day (10,336 for the financial year). Of these, 42% of unassisted requests were from people under 25 and 37% of unassisted requests involve parent(s) with children.
The service most requested and unavailable is consistently short term accommodation.
What Can be Done to Address Homelessness?
Currently there are many Federal, State and Territory initiatives in place that aim to lessen and prevent homelessness. Change requires improvements in a range of areas: housing, income, employment, health, social security and the prevention of violence and discrimination.
The work of Shelter Tasmania promotes the importance of affordable housing and support for all Tasmanians, including those at risk of or experiencing homelessness.
For more information on strategies to lessen and prevent homelessness, and on homelessness in general, see the Shelter Tasmania State Budget Submission 2019-20 and the Shelter Tas homelessness factsheet. Or contact Shelter Tasmania direct on 6224 5488 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
Useful Websites and Documents: